What is a mouse and how to use with computer?

What is a mouse and how to use with computer

If you are using a computer, then you must have used the mouse, but do you know what the mouse is called in and how this mouse works.

Despite all the other devices such as monitor, keyboard and speaker, the mouse has its own status, it controls everything on the screen in a way. So why not buy different types of topics before buying it.

We know that we are surrounded by technology from all four sides. All the work that we are using in everyday work is related to technology in one way or the other. This technology not only makes our work easy but also quickly, which saves us a lot of time.

Do you know what is the most important thing to operate a computer? If you have thought about Mouse then you have guessed right. Because all the activities happening in the computer screen are controlled by the mouse itself.

At the same time, it is also very important to know what are the types of mouse? If seen, there are many types of Mouse and they are used according to our requirement.

The mouse is an input device. This is a pointing device that is used to interact with the PC. Mouse is mainly used to select different items on the computer screen, learn about them and open and close them.

Using the mouse, the user instructs the computer to do something. Through this, a user can access the computer anywhere on the screen.

There are different models of mouse which have different features and connectivity, but almost all models have two mouse buttons and a scroll wheel.

The interface of the mouse is different, that is, the medium used to connect with the computer or any other system. Then let's get further information about Mouse.

What is the full form of the mouse?

The mouse has a full form Manually Operated Utility for Selecting Equipment.

Mouse definition

A mouse is a small pointing device that a computer user uses by placing it on a desk surface. 

With the help of this, point, select, click, drag, drop and scroll can be done on the display screen, while apart from this, it can be selected from that position to perform a two action. 

The mouse is also called "Pointer". 

Who was the father of computer mouse?

The mouse is originally called XY Position Indicator which is used in the Display System. Sun 1963 in Douglas Engelbart was the invention of the Mouse by. 

Which used to work in Xerox PARC at that time. It became so famous at that time that today you can see this pointing device in all computers. 

What is the use of Mouse

Here below, you will give people information about the functions of the mouse. This will make it easier for the user to use the mouse. 

  1. Move the mouse cursor - This is the primary function which is to move the mouse cursor in the screen. 
  2. Using Open or execute a program - Mouse, user can open and execute any icon, folder, or any other program by clicking. 
  3. Select - Mouse can be used to select text, to highlight. 
  4. Drag-and-drop - Users can easily drag-and-drop a document. 
  5. Hover - Can hover over objects using Mouse. Hover means that when you bring the cursor over an object, then whatever information will be available in relation to it will show. 
  6. Using Scroll - Mouse, you can scroll down to see the big document completely. 

Types of Mouse Interface

Over time, many different interfaces of the mouse also developed as technology advanced. Here I am going to inform you about some similar interfaces: 

Serial Mouse

This is the oldest type of mouse in this list which is not working anymore, but you can see it in some machines in government offices. 

  1. It has a serial connector (a DE-9F D-subminiature ) and needs a free serial port to connect to the PC. 
  2. It is typically a corded-type mouse and takes power from the serial port to operate itself.
  3. This serial mouse is also referred to as cold-pluggable, which means that one should connect with the computer only when the computer is switched off. 

PS/2 Mouse

  1. This PS / 2 mouse is the upper version of the serial mouse. People are more attracted to them by their arrival. They can still be purchased as many motherboard manufacturers are still providing PS / 2 port. 
  2. These are PS / 2 connector (Mini-DIN) circular and have 6 pins, due to their design they are only correctly aligned with the port and inserted. PS / 2 mice are also cold-pluggable. 

USB Mouse

  1. If we talk about now, then nowadays we use a mouse with USB interface which needs a free USB port. They are either corded or cordless / wireless. These are hot pluggable, in the counterpart of Serial and PS / 2. 
  2. This means that you can also use them in the running condition of the computer, here neither there is any danger to this mouse or to the computer. 

Wireless mouse

  1. Cordless or wireless mice transmit data via infrared radiation or radio (that is, Bluetooth). 
  2. Serial or USB port is used to connect the receiver with the computer, or a built-in part such as Bluetooth.
  3. Modern non-Bluetooth wireless mice nowadays use USB receivers. While in some they can be stored safely within the mouse, there are also " nano " receivers, which are designed in such a way that they are so small that they are always connected to your laptop or system.

These are the very latest variety of icons that do not need cable to connect.  

While some wireless mouses are connected via USB receiver, others through B Bluetooth connection. This type of mouse is given power from the battery which is AA type.  

If you use PC then you must have used mouse. You will find this Mouse in the right or outer direction of your keyboard. 

Basic part of the Mouse

It requires a little space to operate properly. Here, below you will give information about the basic parts of a mouse: 

  1. Left (main) button: This left button comes under the index finger of your right hand, which is the most main button. This button is used the most.
  2. Wheel button: It is also called centre or wheel, you can use this button like pressing the left and right buttons. This is mainly done to lower or roll up the screen.
  3. Right button: We use this right button for special operations, apart from right-clicking it pops up shortcut or context menu.
  4. Mouse body: Mouse is the size of a soap. You give the weight of your palm over this mouse body and use the mouse buttons with the use of your fingers.
  5. Special buttons: Apart from this, there are many other special buttons in the mouse, which are used for Internet navigation and other specific functions.

What is a mouse touchpad  

The touchpad of the mouse is called the trackpad, glide pad, glide point etc.  

What is touchpad 

Touchpad is a type of input device in laptops and some keyboards. This allows the user to move the cursor with the help of his fingers. They can also be used in place of external mouse.  

Types of Mouse 

There are many types of mouse available in the market today, all have some different technology which differentiates each other in their function.  

Corded Mouse 

A corded mouse connects directly to the computer via a cable (serial, PS / 2 or USB). It takes power for its operation from the same port to which it is connected, which means that there is no need of external batteries in it.  

Corded mice are more accurate because they do not have much issues such as signal interference or performance loss due to low-battery states. 

Cordless/Wireless Mouse

A cordless or wireless mouse is called a mouse that does not have any cables and uses wireless technology to transfer data and connect to the computer.  

This is very good for those places where you have problems with cord or cable, such as while traveling.  

Batteries are required to operate this mouse. Due to the presence of batteries, it is also a bit heavy. 

Mechanical Mouse 

A mechanical mouse is also called a ball mouse which consists of a ball and a lot of rollers to track the movement. 

A mouse of this type is typically of the corded variety and not as popular as an optical mouse. 

Its performance is very high but it needs special cleaning from time to time.  

Optical Mouse

An optical mouse uses optical electronics to track the mouse's position and movement. They are also rated as standard mechanical mice as they are more reliable than others and require less maintenance.  

But their performance depends on the type of surface on which they are operated.  

How the mouse works

This thing must have come in the mind of all of us that how these mouse work. So let's remove this problem from you too.  

How Ball computer mouse works 

As we roll our ball mouse on top of our desk, the ball below also starts to roll with its weight and the two plastic rollers attached to it, which are linked, pushes forward with thin wheels.  

One of these two wheels detects movements in the up-and-down direction of the wheel (such as the y-axis in a graph / chart paper); The second wheel would detect side-to-side movements (such as the x-axis of a graph / chart paper) movements.  

Now the question arises that how do these wheels measure your hand movements? As you move the mouse, the ball moves the rollers, rotating one or both wheels.  

If you move the mouse straight up, then only the y-axis wheel will turn; Similarly, if you move it to the right, only the x-axis wheel will turn. Just like the angle in which you move the mouse, similarly the ball will move both wheels simultaneously.  

A small brain item has also been used with it. Both the wheels are made of plastic spokes and as it turns, then they repeatedly break a light beam.  

The more the wheel turns, the more the beam will also be broken. Therefore, how many times that beam is broken, it has to be counted precisely to measure how much the wheel has turned and how much you have moved the mouse.  

It microchips inside the counting and measuring mouse, which sends all the details to the computer via cable. The software that is in your computer moves the cursor according to this data according to the need in the screen. 

Disadvantages of Ball Mouse 

This mouse also has many problems. As such it does not work on all surfaces. Therefore, it needs special mouse mat.  

Even with this, even if you have a mat, the rubber ball and its rollers gradually become dirty due to which the x- and y-axis wheels repeatedly move around. 

Therefore, they should always be kept clean. Another option is that you use optical mouse. 

How does optical mouse work 

An optical mouse works completely differently. There is an LED in the back of the mouse that shines above the desk. 

This light bounces back directly above the backup off desk where there is a photocell, which is also mounted at the bottom of the mouse, which is located at a very short distance away from the LED. 

This photocell has a lens in front of it which magnifies this reflected light, so that the mouse accurately marks your hand movements. 

As you move the mouse above the desk, similarly the patter of the reflected light also changes and the chip which is inside the mouse shows how your hands are moving. 

Some optical mice also have two LEDs. One who shines above the desk and knows the movement. The second one is located in the back of the mouse and it shows whether the mouse is working or not. The rest of these icons also work in the same way. 

Disadvantages of Optical Mouse 

By the way, this optical mouse is much better than the earlier ball mouse, but it also has some flaws such that it remains connected to the computer through a wire.

To operate with this, it needs something in its base so that it can work well with light reflection. And you cannot work it from far away because it is more than a wire. 

This only increases the usefulness of the wireless mouse. 

How the wireless mouse works 

There is not much difference in the operation of this wireless mouse here compared to the optical mouse. They also detect movements in the same way as optical mouse. 

The only difference here is in sending data to the computer. Here, there is transfer of data through a wireless connection in place of USB cable. 

Here the power required to operate the mouse comes from external battery. All the operations of the rest of the mouse are similar to optical mouse.  

Disadvantages of Wireless Mouse

Its main disadvantage is that it requires external batteries to operate. 

At the same time, if the battery runs out suddenly, then the user has a lot of trouble for the mouse. With this, it is also very heavy due to the battery. Apart from this, it is also the most expensive. 


As advancement in technology is taking place, the mouse is also included in this line. Where earlier we used ball mouse, wireless mouse is still used.  

Gradually, the use of the mouse may also stop, because with the increase of AI (Artificial Intelligence), now the demand for voice commands has increased.  

People need more facilities they don't prefer to engage their hands with any work. In such a situation, the day is not far when the mouse will soon become an ancient device.

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